China The Great Wall
One of the seven wonders of the world, the Great Wall of China is a man-made structure that was built more than 2000 years ago and took more than 100 years to complete. The sheer scale of this project makes one believe in the greatness of human power. The construction began in the fifth century B.C. In fact, the Great Wall is a whole consisting of many walls stretching over 4,000 miles. The Great Wall was built to prevent the Xiongnu from the north from harassing the empire. In the beginning, the wall was built of stone, grazing grass, clay, and wood, while bricks were used from the very beginning. It is believed that about two to three million people died in the construction of this project.
United States Grand Canyon
The deep canyons on either side of the Colorado River in Arizona, USA are the most memorable. The canyon is 277 miles long, between 4 and 18 miles wide, and one mile deep. Scientists believe that this canyon was formed by the Colorado River six million years ago.
Native Americans lived in the canyon’s caves before European settlers came to America. The canyon is considered a pilgrimage site by the Pueblo Nation. According to records, Europeans first came to this place in 1869. Although it is not the deepest canyon in the world, it has a reputation for its sheer size and intricacy. The Grand Canyon National Park is said to be the first national park in the United States and attracts more than five million visitors every year. Although, on the higher forested rim, the canyon is snow-covered in winter. The interior of the canyon is a desert because of its low terrain.
Australia Great Barrier Reef
One of the natural wonders of the world, the Great Barrier Reef is located on the east coast of Australia and is the largest coral reef in the world. The Great Barrier Reef is listed on the World Heritage List and the National Heritage List. The Great Barrier Reef has over 600 islands with coral reef rocks. The reef covers an area of 300,000 square kilometers and consists of several reefs and rocks, which give the reef its colorful marine life. Species include sea turtles, different species of sharks and dolphins, dugongs, over 400 species of mollusks, over 1,500 species of fish, and over 200 species of brightly colored seabirds. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is an extremely attractive attraction, attracting more than a few million visitors each year. Sports activities available here include reef sailing, scuba diving and snorkeling.
Cape Town, South Africa
Also known as “Heaven on Earth”, this is the southernmost town in Africa. Surrounded by hills and mountains, it makes you feel small and gives you a sense of nature’s magic and majesty. The Cape Dutch architecture is a characteristic of the architectural heritage of this area. The dark clouds sink in bringing beauty like a tribute to Table Mountain. Cape Point, Signal Hill, Chapman’s Top, Victoria Alfred Pier Square, Robben Island, Rhodes Monument and the beach are all famous tourist attractions. Cape Town, located on the waterfront of Table Bay, is famous for its natural floral kingdom and its bay. It is the most attractive attraction in South Africa with activities such as wine tasting tours, shark watching and dolphin watching.
India Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal in India is one of the wonders of the world and the most beautiful mausoleum. The mausoleum was built by Shah Jahan, the Shah Jahan Indian emperor during the Mughal period, in honor of his favorite princess, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is located in Agra in northern India and the white marble chosen for its construction is a symbol of love. This building is recognized as the highest peak of the level of the Mumtaz period. According to legend, Shah Jahan was greatly saddened by the death of his third favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. In total, the building required thousands of craftsmen and artisans and took two years to complete. This included masons, stonemasons, carvers, inlayers, calligraphers, painters and other talents from all over the country, as well as from Iran and Central Asia. The stones of the quasi-precious stones were used for inlay decoration. Later, this also became the mausoleum of Shah Jahan. This famous site attracts one to two million visitors a year.
Canada Rocky Mountains
The majestic Rocky Mountains are the Canadian part of the North American Rocky Mountains. It is a tourist’s wonderland and has become the playground of Western Canada. The mountains here were formed earlier than the Rocky Mountains in the United States, due to the collision of tectonic plates. The Canadian Rockies include five national parks, four of which have joined with other provincial parks to become a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This cultural heritage site consists of beautiful mountain scenery, lakes, canyons, waterfalls, glaciers, summits, limestone caves and fossils. Mount Robson is the summit of the Rocky Mountains in Canada, and climbing to its summit can be quite a challenge. These beautiful mountains are a paradise for hikers and walkers alike!
Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu means “ancient summit” in Peru. It is one of the most mysterious ancient structures in the world. According to legend, Machu Picchu was considered a sacred city a long time ago. The Incas are credited with the construction of this remarkable city. The Incas erected many stone buildings here and built them as an art form. Machu Picchu, located 2,000 feet above the Urubamba River, consists of a silver plate, temples, palaces and more than 150 houses, all of which are very well preserved. These granite structures, some of which weigh over 50 tons each. The granite is meticulously carved and is simply the work of architectural genius. Rediscovered by archaeologists at Yale University in 1911, the architecture is ethereal and ethereal, and the craftsmanship and history of the buildings attract millions of visitors each year.
The Egyptian pyramids are huge historical monuments, which are based on a square base, rising in triangles on all sides until they converge to a single point. There has been curiosity about its construction and even suspicion that it is a work of nature. But the truth is that the Egyptians began building pyramids as tombs for the pharaohs after 2700 BC. The most famous and largest Egyptian pyramid is the Pyramid of Giza. It is said to be the largest ever built. The pyramids of Giza took 23 years and 30,000 people to complete. About 118 pyramids have been identified and these pyramids are very popular among people all over the world.
UNESCO has called Petra “the most precious cultural property of the cultural heritage of humanity”. Petra was discovered by archaeologists on the slopes of Mount Horeb. It is one of the new wonders of the world and is known for its rock-cut architecture. The site remained buried until 1812, when it was discovered by a Swiss explorer. The building is said to have been built by God for the Jews. Petra flourished in the days of the Roman Empire, but declined rapidly due to the transfer of Arab trade centers elsewhere. Then earthquakes wreaked havoc. Tourists flocked to see the ruins of this beautiful city.
Iguazu Falls on the Argentina-Brazil border
Recognized as the most beautiful waterfall in the world, Iguazu Falls is indeed a natural wonder. The falls are located on the border of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. The side of the falls located in Argentina allows visitors to walk around the water flow or to explore the national park. The Brazilian side, on the other hand, is known for its panoramic view and its grandeur.